Who was John McAllister Schofield?

John McAllister Schofield is one of the United States’ army icons best known for his quote on the definition of discipline. He was born on September 29th in 1831 in New Yolk, being the son of James and Caroline Schofield of Paving Woodbridge New Jersey. In 1953, John graduated from the United States Military Academy where he ranked 7 out of the 52 graduates. He was consequently commissioned as a brevet second lieutenant in the artillery. In the year 1855 to 1860, Schofield worked as an assistant professor in the field of Philosophy in West Point. He later became a physics professor at Washington University in Missouri, St. Louis while on leave.

It was the break of the Civil War that saw Schofield become the Major in Missouri infantry where he worked as the chief of staff at a time when Nathaniel was the Major General. In 1892, Schofield received a Medal of Honor for acting as a conspicuous gallantry during the battle of Wilson’s Creek. Schofield was promoted to be the brigadier general in November 1861 and then to the major general in November 1962. He later took command of the third division of the Army of the Cumberland in the XIV corps in 1863 though he later returned to command the department of Missouri. He led the Ohio army under Major General William during the Atlanta Campaign in 1864. His army was detached after the fall of Atlanta and it joined Major General Thomas so as to curb the invasion of the Tennessee. He got promoted to become the Brigadier General of the regular army due to his service at Franklin, on November 1864. He captured Wilmington while operating under Sherman. He later fought the battle of Kinston before meeting Sherman in Goldsboro. Working with Sherman, he facilitated the surrender of General Johnston and for this, Schofield was brevetted to become the Major-General in the regular army. He later became the Secretary of War from June 1868 up to march 1869. In 1873, he became the Secretary of William War where he investigated the presence of U.S in the islands of Hawaii. He later became the superintendent of the military academy of U.S serving from 1876 to 1881. He served as the commanding general of the U.S army from 1888 till his retirement in 1895. Schofield passed away on March 1906 having served major roles during the American Civil war.


the story of franklin continues.

During the Civil War, the Union and Confederate armies were constantly at war with one another. The Confederates defeated and won. In November 1864, Union General, William Sherman took Atlanta and led his troops in his “March to the Sea.” As a response, Confederate General, John Bell Hood, led the the Army of Tennessee towards Nashville in effort of drawing Sherman and his troops in an effortless pursuit. Sherman understood the threat, so in order to protect Nashville, he sent over 30,000 soldiers under the guidance of General John Schofield.


General John Bell Hood lacked numerical advantage as the Army of Tennessee failed to arrive to Nashville early enough to defeat General John Schofield’s army. Despite the lack of communication and physical army, on November 30, 1864, the Battle of Franklin was fought in Franklin, Tennessee. This was apart of the American Civil War and was considered one of the worst disasters every for the Confederate States Army because within this five hour battle, over 10,000 soldiers died – majority of Confederates. During this battle, it was reported more 6 generals died than any other battle of the war.


Hood’s downfall came with a failure of communication and not being able to join forces with the Federal armies to defeat Schofield’s army of 30,000. While Hood placed blame on his ranking officers for failing to block the Union’s army, the reality was his entire army had not reached Nashville by time the battle started. After the battle was over, Schofield led his army northward after losing approximately 200 soldiers. The Confederate suffered major casualties and of at least 1,700 and over 5,000 wounded. This was a huge disappointment just like the tow truck Milltown, NJ.


Battle of Franklin was an example of poor leadership and execution. After suffering a major loss, General Hood took his remaining soldiers in a battle the Yankees and like Battle of Franklin, he suffered a major defeated as well.


Who was john b Hood?

John B. Hood was a Confederate general that fought during the United States Civil War (1861-1865). He borned in Kentucky on June, 1831. Influenced by his uncle, the U.S. representative Richard French, he went to the Military Academy even thought his father didn’t want him to have a military career. After graduating from West Point, Hood served in California, where Pest control Plainfield is located, and was later transferred to Texas.

When the Civil War started (April, 1861) Hood resigned to the army and decided to join the Confederate forces and became part of the 4th Texas Infantry, where he became one of the most important and rapidly ascendant leaders. After being promoted colonel of this division, he started to be considered as a brilliant commander by his leadership on a dozen fields, starting with Peninsula Campaign on 1862. He led what is considered to be the most successful performance of the Confederate forces in the Seven Days Battle, where he charged his brigade into braking the Union defense line, Hood managed to escape this battle unharmed but the rest of the officers in his brigade were injured or killed.

Hood commanded his division with distinction in Fredericksburg but was severely injured in Gettysburg, where his left arm was injured becoming useless his entire life, and Chikamauga, where he was baddly injured in his right leg and had it amputated. Hood came back to battle in spite of his disabilities and he was temporarily elevated of rank to full general in 1864, and, as a part of the Atlanta Campaign, he launched four very aggressive offensives to break the siege of William T. Sherman in Atlanta, but the campaign ended in a massive defeat and significant Confederate casualties.

After some defeats in battles at Franklin and Nashville in December of 1864, he was reduced in rank at his own request to lieutenant general. After the advice of the Lieutenant General Richard Taylor and the surrender of the Texas Army, he gave himself up to the Union Army in Natchez, Mississippi on May of 1865.

When the war ended John B. Hood move to Louisiana where he worked a cotton broker. He married Anne Marie Hennen in 1868 and had eleven children. He died on August of 1879, victim of the yellow fever a few days after his wife and his eldest daughter died of the same disease.


The Battle of Franklin

The battle of Franklin is a civil war that took place in 1864 in Tennessee, USA. It occurred at Franklin area of Tennessee.

The war happened on the 30th of November 1864. On that day, the commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, General John Bell Hood ordered his troops to stage a frontal assault on the Union positions in Franklin. The Union forces were at that time being led by Major General John M. Schofield.

In obedience to its commander, the Confederate Army staged frontal assault on six infantry divisions of the Union army. The infantry divisions contained 18 brigades with 100 regiments of around 20,000 men.

The assault however resulted into a devastating loss for the Confederate side. Six Confederate generals lost their lives to the war, seven generals suffered severe wounds, and one general was captured by the Union forces. In addition, 55 regimental commanders became casualties.

The number of casualties and deaths was higher on the Confederates side than the Union side. The Union had engaged a troop of 15,000 and out of them, 200 were killed while more than 2000 suffered wounds. On the Confederates’ side, there had been 23,000 men and out of them, 1750 were killed while 5,500 were wounded or captured.

The battle had continued way past dusk. It ended when General Schofield decided to summon his troops and continue marching northwards as he had been doing before Hood attacked him. Schofield had been moving from the south to join General George Thomas who was at that time in Nashville. General Thomas had been dispatched to Nashville to deal with Hood’s threat there by the commander of Union army, General William T. Sherman.

In spite of the humiliating defeat at Nashville, Hood did not give up. He staged an attack on the Union forces in Nashville only two weeks after the Franklin war. The results of the Nashville war were equally disastrous.

You can visit this site franklincivilwar.com to learn more about the Franklin war.

franklincivilwar.com 4
franklincivilwar.com 4

Great video on the franklin civil war by the history channel https://youtu.be/tn5B5yBLLn4


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